The malnutrition paradox: Lessons from China
Malnutrition has been linked to poverty and food insecurity. However, it is also a paradox leading to under-nutrition and recurring hunger and over-nutrition. The Global Nutrition Report 2018 reveals that “malnutrition is unacceptably high and affects every country in the world, but there is also an unprecedented opportunity to end it.” Malnutrition costs 3.5$ trillion per year to the global economy and child and maternal malnutrition is the largest nutrition related health burden in the world.
Globally malnutrition rates are high with 150.8 million under five children being stunted, 50.5 million children are wasted and 20 million newborn babies are estimated to be low birth weight, and on the other hand 38.3 million children are overweight. It is alarming to note that India is the top most country with the largest number of children being stunted (46.6 million) and wasted (25.5 million). India and China are also home to 2% and 7% of overweight children respectively.